Language account – Eart Documents http://eartdocuments.com/ Wed, 08 Sep 2021 08:11:42 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://eartdocuments.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/icon-2021-07-01T001347.882.png Language account – Eart Documents http://eartdocuments.com/ 32 32 Creative Writer – Pedestrian TV https://eartdocuments.com/creative-writer-pedestrian-tv/ https://eartdocuments.com/creative-writer-pedestrian-tv/#respond Wed, 08 Sep 2021 00:22:30 +0000 https://eartdocuments.com/creative-writer-pedestrian-tv/ Our client is an award-winning creative digital agency located in Sydney CBD, providing highly creative and strategic solutions to a wide variety of top clients. They create complete digital marketing solutions including strategy, social media and digital marketing campaigns, animation graphics and websites. You will be a highly conceptual creative writer with digital background. In […]]]>

Our client is an award-winning creative digital agency located in Sydney CBD, providing highly creative and strategic solutions to a wide variety of top clients.

They create complete digital marketing solutions including strategy, social media and digital marketing campaigns, animation graphics and websites.

You will be a highly conceptual creative writer with digital background.

In this role, you will be responsible for generating creative digital campaign ideas and concepts for a wide range of campaigns spanning tourism and recreation, education, health, entertainment, charity and social good. This can include creative, conceptual, and editorial writing for animation, mini-games, websites, branding, print, social media, blogging, articles, radio ads, and media, even occasionally. on the television.

As an independent agency, they have the freedom to shape their own future, so to truly thrive in their studio you will need to be an entrepreneur who is comfortable thinking for yourself, pushing ideas forward and make things happen.

The main responsibilities of this role include

  • Understand the message the client seeks to express and translate it into written content and creative concepts
  • Writing text to engage the reader
  • Make changes to customer specifications
  • Respect the tone of voice requested by the customer
  • Work with the Head Creative & Strategy to design creative strategies
  • Generate creative ideas to build innovative campaigns
  • Work collaboratively with designers, producers and account managers to support the success of all projects.

Required Skills :

  • Clear and demonstrated writing style
  • Fluent English spoken and written
  • Enjoy working in a collaborative team environment
  • Strong initiative, self-taught
  • Attention to detail
  • Impeccable grammar
  • Love of language and communication
  • Award School will be highly appreciated

If you think this is the opportunity for you, we’ll take a look at your CV and your job.

Submit your CV and work at James Hunter at The Creative Store, email James@thecreativestore.com.au, or call The Creative Store at (02) 8278 7514 for details.

Visit The Creative Store website www.thecreativestore.com.au to view all of our jobs online.

]]>
https://eartdocuments.com/creative-writer-pedestrian-tv/feed/ 0
companies held accountable for email account takeovers and flawed cybersecurity procedures | before https://eartdocuments.com/companies-held-accountable-for-email-account-takeovers-and-flawed-cybersecurity-procedures-before/ https://eartdocuments.com/companies-held-accountable-for-email-account-takeovers-and-flawed-cybersecurity-procedures-before/#respond Tue, 07 Sep 2021 18:53:51 +0000 https://eartdocuments.com/companies-held-accountable-for-email-account-takeovers-and-flawed-cybersecurity-procedures-before/ On August 30, 2021, the SEC announced the resolution of enforcement actions against three companies and their affiliates. The enforcement actions were triggered by companies’ breaches of compliance with their cybersecurity policies and procedures, which resulted in email account takeovers that exposed the personal information of thousands of customers and customers. When there is an […]]]>

On August 30, 2021, the SEC announced the resolution of enforcement actions against three companies and their affiliates. The enforcement actions were triggered by companies’ breaches of compliance with their cybersecurity policies and procedures, which resulted in email account takeovers that exposed the personal information of thousands of customers and customers.

When there is an email account takeover, an unauthorized third party accesses the account and can view its contents. In addition, an unauthorized third party can perform the same actions as a legitimate user, such as sending and deleting emails or setting up forwarding rules.

In all three of these enforcement actions, the SEC alleged that each of the companies violated Rule 30 (a) of the SP Regulation, also known as the Safeguard Rule. The rule is designed to protect confidential customer information and records. All parties to these enforcement actions are brokers, registered investment advisers (“RIAs”), or both. All the companies agreed to settle the charges against them.

The Safeguard Rule requires every investment advisor and broker registered with the SEC to adopt written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to:

  • ensure the security and confidentiality of customer records and information;
  • protect against any anticipated threat or danger to the integrity or security of customer records and information; and
  • protect against unauthorized access or use of customer records or information which could cause material harm or inconvenience to any of them.

An RIA or a broker violates the safeguard rule if its policies and procedures intended to protect clients and client information are not reasonably designed to achieve those objectives. Policies and procedures should also be reasonably designed to prevent and respond to cybersecurity incidents.

Without admitting or denying the SEC’s findings, each company has agreed to cease and desist from any future violations of the offending provisions. They also agreed to be censored and pay a fine. The SEC press release regarding the enforcement actions can be viewed here.

Coercive measure n ° 1

The first implementing measure concerned the five entities of a financial services company. Three of these entities were doubly registered. The other two entities were a broker and a RIA.

According to the SEC order against the first company, the cloud-based email accounts of more than sixty company staff were taken over by unauthorized third parties, resulting in the disclosure of information personally identifiable (“PII”) of at least 4,388 customers and clients. . The term “display of personal information” means that an unauthorized third party has the opportunity to view the information. The information is deemed exposed, even if it has not been viewed by an unauthorized third party.

Accounts have been taken over by phishing, credential stuffing, or other attack methods. While email account takeovers do not appear to have resulted in unauthorized transactions or transfers to advisory or brokerage accounts, the entities violated the safeguard rule because their policies and procedures were not reasonably designed to ensure compliance. Specifically, these policies and procedures were deficient with respect to representatives of independent contractors and foreign contractors.

This particular enforcement action alleged that the entities had failed to implement cybersecurity policies and tools, such as multi-factor authentication. The entities had a significant number of security tools that would have enabled them to put in place controls to mitigate risks. Entities have not used these tools in a manner appropriate to their business, thereby exposing the personal information of their clients and clients to unreasonable risk.

In addition to their violations of the safeguard rules, the RIAs involved in this enforcement action were charged with violating section 206 (4) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 and rule 206 (4) -7 which in consequence result. The SEC alleged that RIA did not adopt and implement reasonably designed policies and procedures governing the review of communications to advisers. This failure led RIAs to send corporate customers breach notifications containing deceptive template language.

RIA had engaged external legal advisers to prepare and deliver the notifications to clients. The SEC found that while most of the breach notifications from outside attorneys are accurate, the letters sent in 2018 and 2019 to around 220 advice clients were misleading. The letters included a sample language regarding the timing of the incidents and called them “recent”. The letters also stated that representatives were not notified of the unauthorized access until two months before the notification of the breach. In fact, each entity had been aware of the underlying violation at least six months earlier. This language in the breach notifications created a misleading impression that the incidents had occurred much more recently than they actually were. Because customers and clients received late notification of when the breach occurred, they weren’t on the lookout for possible misuse of their personal information.

When the letters were sent, RIA’s policies and procedures for responding to cybersecurity events required advisory staff to review customer communications regarding those incidents before they were sent. The SEC concluded that the advisers failed to implement reasonably designed policies and procedures because their review of client communications was conducted in a manner that did not correct the language of the model which was misleading in the circumstances. .

As a result of these breaches of compliance, the SEC imposed a civil fine of $ 300,000 on the company’s entities. The execution action can be found here.

Coercive measure # 2

The SEC’s second enforcement action resulted from the failure of a broker and the RIA to adopt written policies and procedures that were reasonably designed to protect client and client records and information. The SEC alleged that the Iowa-based broker and the RIA violated the backup rule. According to the SEC order, the broker’s and RIA’s breaches of the backup rule allowed the cloud-based email accounts of more than 121 company representatives to be taken over by unauthorized third parties, which who exposed the personal information of at least 2,177 clients and clients. . The SEC has determined that although the initial takeover of the email account was discovered in January 2018, the broker and the RIA failed to adopt and implement enhanced security measures across the board. for representatives’ cloud-based email accounts until 2021. This failure has resulted in the potential exposure of additional customer and customer records and information.

As was the case with the first enforcement action, the AIR and the broker did not use multi-factor authentication as a security measure. Additionally, they have compounded their mistakes by failing to take swift action to guard against future intrusions and misuse of personal information.

The RIA and the broker agreed to pay a fine of $ 250,000. The execution measure is available here.

Coercive measure n ° 3

According to the SEC order against a doubly registered Seattle-based investment brokerage and advisory firm, the cloud-based email accounts of fifteen financial advisers or their assistants have been taken over by unauthorized third parties. The takeover of the email account resulted in exposure to personal information of approximately 4,900 customers and clients.

When the email account takeovers were discovered, the company reset the email passwords of the affected financial advisers, removed forwarding rules, and enabled multi-factor authentication. However, additional company-wide security measures were not implemented until August 2020, approximately 21 months after the breach was discovered. By not implementing additional security measures in a timely manner, the company has further exposed customer and customer information and records.

These takeovers of email accounts exposed personal information that falls within the scope of the SP regulation. Some customers and clients have received phishing emails asking them to:

  • Transfer funds to a bank account;
  • Enter personal information, such as a driver’s license number or social security number, to access a document; Where
  • Click a link to view an investment recommendation, which would provide access to clients ‘and clients’ computers.

The company was ordered to pay a fine of $ 200,000. The action can be reviewed here.

Conclusion

Businesses must design and fully implement robust cybersecurity policies and procedures to protect customer and customer information, records and privacy. Businesses can help guard against cyber attacks by requiring cybersecurity tools, such as multi-factor authentication, for all customers and accounts receivable. As Kristina Littman, head of the Cyber ​​Unit of the SEC’s Enforcement Division, warned, “It is not enough to write a policy requiring enhanced security measures if those requirements are not enforced. implemented or are only partially implemented, in particular in the face of known attacks. “

When a breach occurs, brokers and RIAs should notify their clients and clients promptly and should not minimize the severity of the incident. In doing so, customers and customers can guard against the risk of potential misuse of their personal information. Policies and procedures should specify how this notification will occur. In addition, policies and procedures should be designed to ensure compliance with the SP Regulation and to strengthen the duty of businesses to maintain customer privacy.

]]>
https://eartdocuments.com/companies-held-accountable-for-email-account-takeovers-and-flawed-cybersecurity-procedures-before/feed/ 0
Call of Duty Twitter account trolls hacker banned in new video https://eartdocuments.com/call-of-duty-twitter-account-trolls-hacker-banned-in-new-video/ https://eartdocuments.com/call-of-duty-twitter-account-trolls-hacker-banned-in-new-video/#respond Tue, 31 Aug 2021 21:48:22 +0000 https://eartdocuments.com/call-of-duty-twitter-account-trolls-hacker-banned-in-new-video/ The Activision Blizzard Esports division appears to have the greatest impact from external partners on the harassment lawsuit with sponsors pulling out of partnerships with the Call of Duty League and the Overwatch League. The latest sponsor to end its relationship with the Call of Duty League is ASTRO Gaming (and now US Army). The […]]]>

The Activision Blizzard Esports division appears to have the greatest impact from external partners on the harassment lawsuit with sponsors pulling out of partnerships with the Call of Duty League and the Overwatch League.

The latest sponsor to end its relationship with the Call of Duty League is ASTRO Gaming (and now US Army).

The ASTRO Gaming logo has disappeared from the Call of Duty League site, along with the US Army logo. These two logos appeared to the left of the ZENNI Gaming logos.

Here’s a look at the new Sponsorship Bands section on the CDL site, with ZENNI Gaming, SCUF, Game Fuel, and USAA still partners.

Update August 13, 1 p.m. ET: After this article was published, the logo sponsorship section on the Call of Duty League site has been updated again to remove the US Army logo. The CDL has only four sponsors left as the Champs CDL approaches.

ASTRO Gaming has been a long-time sponsor of Call of Duty esports since its inception. The company was the official helmet sponsor of the Call of Duty League and the Call of Duty Challengers.

According to Activision’s initial announcement regarding CDL in 2020, ASTRO Gaming “extends its Call of Duty esports sponsorship until the 2022 season. “

Instead, the sponsorship ended right before CDL’s biggest event of the year, the Call of Duty League Championship. The championship event takes place August 19-22 at the Galen Center in LA.

The US Army began its sponsorship of the CDL with the inaugural season in 2020. The US Army was the primary sponsor of all calendar-related assets on the CDL site.

Their logo has now been completely removed from the site.

Activision Blizzard declined to comment.

ASTRO has broadcast segments for the Call of Duty League, including the main ASTRO Gaming Listen In, allowing fans to hear team communications during the intense moments of matches.

ASTRO was also the main sponsor of the Call of Duty League MVP Award, which was awarded at the end of the Champs event. Since the end of the partnership, as of this week, the MVP page of the CDL site no longer displays the ASTRO Gaming logo.

The site before August 10:

The site as it now appears, available to view here:

ASTRO and US Army are the last two Call of Duty League sponsors to drop out, after T-Mobile distanced itself a few weeks ago.

ASTRO Gaming has partnered with CDL to sell custom-designed CDL team headsets on their website. This collection has been removed from the site.

The Call of Duty League isn’t the only Activision Blizzard league to take a hit. The company’s Overwatch League has lost 5 sponsors in the past two weeks, including Coca Cola, State Farm, IBM, Kellogs, etc.

The sponsorship drops come as Activision Blizzard is sued by the state of California for sexual harassment and gender diversity across the company, with many cases coming from Blizzard’s side.

Activision Blizzard responded to the complaint with the resignation of Blizzard President J. Allen Brack and the appointment of Jen Oneal and Mike Ybarra as Blizzard co-leaders.

The company still faces immense pressure from employees to change some of the practices, such as removing attribution clauses and changes to the law firm that investigates allegations within the company. So far, Activision Blizzard executives have not responded to their requests.

We will continue to keep everyone updated as more information on the lawsuit and sponsorships arise.

]]>
https://eartdocuments.com/call-of-duty-twitter-account-trolls-hacker-banned-in-new-video/feed/ 0
Aziza Almanakly and Belinda Li Receive Clare Boothe Luce Graduate Scholarship for Women | MIT News https://eartdocuments.com/aziza-almanakly-and-belinda-li-receive-clare-boothe-luce-graduate-scholarship-for-women-mit-news/ https://eartdocuments.com/aziza-almanakly-and-belinda-li-receive-clare-boothe-luce-graduate-scholarship-for-women-mit-news/#respond Fri, 27 Aug 2021 19:50:00 +0000 https://eartdocuments.com/aziza-almanakly-and-belinda-li-receive-clare-boothe-luce-graduate-scholarship-for-women-mit-news/ MIT doctoral students Aziza Almanakly and Belinda Li have been selected as the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (EECS) recipients of the Clare Boothe Luce Graduate Fellowship for Women, an honor designed to encourage and support female graduates. in STEM. The rigorous selection process for this prestigious scholarship took into account both students’ outstanding […]]]>

MIT doctoral students Aziza Almanakly and Belinda Li have been selected as the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (EECS) recipients of the Clare Boothe Luce Graduate Fellowship for Women, an honor designed to encourage and support female graduates. in STEM. The rigorous selection process for this prestigious scholarship took into account both students’ outstanding track records in scientific achievement and research, as well as their contributions to the STEM community.

It is important to note that the scholarships represent the culmination of an intensive effort on the part of the Institute and the EECS department. After MIT was selected by the Clare Boothe Luce for Women in STEM program to submit a full proposal, EECS entered the MIT internal competition and was selected to submit a full application on behalf of the Institute in the national competition organized by the Henry Luce Foundation. Luce Foundation funds, combined with EECS cost-sharing funds, will provide full financial support for a period of two years to Almanakly and Li.

“These scholarships are a powerful affirmation of institutional support for women in STEM,” says Professor Asu Ozdaglar, Head of EECS. “Our commitment to supporting women in STEM goes far beyond attracting the best candidates to our program; We are committed to providing ongoing, concrete support to their research careers once they arrive at MIT. Both Almanakly and Li will postpone the start of their CBL Graduate Scholarships until they complete their current scholarships; both recipients are already gaining attention in the hot technical fields of quantum computing and language modeling.

Second-year PhD student advised by Professor Will Oliver, Aziza Almanakly conducts research on waveguide quantum electrodynamics and microwave quantum optics with superconducting qubits. During the first nine months of his time at MIT, Almanakly successfully demonstrated the controlled and directional generation of single microwave photons on a new qubit chip of his own design – a new achievement and an indicator of his exceptional talent. About Almanakly’s work, Oliver says, “His success is rooted in a combination of raw talent, strong intuition, persistence and a strong desire to improve, his research, his place of work and the life of those around him. I have absolutely no doubt that Aziza will be successful in her research, and I expect her to become a future leader in science and technology. As part of her personal commitment to pass on the mentorship and encouragement she has received, Almanakly teaches quantum computing fundamentals to under-represented high school students through IBM Quantum and The Coding School. Prior to coming to MIT, Almanakly conducted research at New York University, Caltech, City University of New York, and Princeton University. Among other honors, Almanakly won the PD Soros scholarship for new Americans.

Second-year doctoral student advised by Professor Jacob Andreas, Belinda Li conducts research on language models and natural language processing. Li’s interest in language models and natural language processing was fueled by a year spent working with the AI ​​Integrity team at the Facebook group AI Applied Research, where she worked on building detectors. automated hate speech and disinformation. Regarding her work, Li says, “I am interested in the relationship between language models (MLs) and the knowledge they encode: what exactly do LMs know about the outside world? And how can we expand their ability to learn and use this knowledge in a systematic way? More fundamentally, what is the relationship between language / language technologies and society in general? Li’s ambitious research goals took her far in her freshman year at MIT. His advisor Andreas reports: “Despite the start of this year [during the pandemic], Belinda has already made important discoveries about the organization of information in machine learning models trained for language processing tasks … In the six months that she’s here, Belinda has basically started managing her own mini-laboratory. Additionally, Li has taken on the responsibility of mentoring under-represented underrepresented undergraduates as part of the MIT EECS GAAP program. Among many other awards, Li has been named the recipient of the Ida M. Green Memorial Fellowship, the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, and the Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship. national.

Created by prominent journalist, playwright, ambassador and US MP Clare Boothe Luce, the CBL Women in STEM Program was created “to encourage women to enter, study, graduate and teach” in fields where they are continue to be under-represented, including science, math and engineering. To date, the program has supported more than 2,800 women in the undergraduate, graduate and entry-tenure stages, making the CBL program the most important source of private support for women in science, math and tenure. in engineering in the education superior in the United States.

]]>
https://eartdocuments.com/aziza-almanakly-and-belinda-li-receive-clare-boothe-luce-graduate-scholarship-for-women-mit-news/feed/ 0
The impasse of the moderates highlights the democratic divide, but will it affect 2022? https://eartdocuments.com/the-impasse-of-the-moderates-highlights-the-democratic-divide-but-will-it-affect-2022/ https://eartdocuments.com/the-impasse-of-the-moderates-highlights-the-democratic-divide-but-will-it-affect-2022/#respond Tue, 24 Aug 2021 20:44:58 +0000 https://eartdocuments.com/the-impasse-of-the-moderates-highlights-the-democratic-divide-but-will-it-affect-2022/ Case, a longtime moderate, faced no opposition in last year’s primary for the anchored seat in Honolulu. He then beat Republican Ron Curtis by 44 points, while Biden carried the Deep Blue District by 29 points. Clinton won the district by 33 points in 2016. Case, who previously represented Hawaii’s 2nd District, had $ 188,000 […]]]>

Case, a longtime moderate, faced no opposition in last year’s primary for the anchored seat in Honolulu. He then beat Republican Ron Curtis by 44 points, while Biden carried the Deep Blue District by 29 points. Clinton won the district by 33 points in 2016. Case, who previously represented Hawaii’s 2nd District, had $ 188,000 in his campaign account on June 30.

Jim Costa, California 16th District

In California, candidates from all parties run in the same primary ballot and the top two voters go to the general election. In 2020, Costa finished first in the multi-party primary, fending off a fiery challenge from the left from Fresno City Councilor Esmeralda Soria, who placed third. He then comfortably won a ninth term in November, beating Republican Kevin Cookingham by 19 points while Biden led the Central Valley District by 20 points. Four years earlier, district voters backed Hillary Clinton by 22 points. Costa, who had close races in previous midterm elections, is on the NRCC’s 2022 target list. He had $ 618,000 in his campaign account on June 30.

As one of the last anti-abortion Democrats in Congress, Cuellar was one of the main targets of progressive groups in the last round, but beat challenger Jessica Cisneros by 3 points. (Cisneros is seeking rematch in 2022 and again enjoys the backing of Justice Democrats.) Cuellar easily won a ninth term at her South Texas seat in November, beating Republican Sandra Whitten by 19 points. But Biden’s 4-point margin of victory in the District was down from Clinton’s 20-point advantage in 2016, as the GOP made gains across much of South Texas. Cuellar, an NRCC target, ended June with $ 1.7 million in the bank.

Golden narrowly ousted GOP Representative Bruce Poliquin in 2018, aided by Maine’s new choice-voting process. He was unopposed in the next cycle’s Democratic primary and won a second term over Republican Dale Crafts, a former state lawmaker, by 6 points, even as Trump won the district by almost 8 points. The presidential result was always an improvement for Democrats from 2016, when voters in the district backed Trump over Clinton by more than 10 points. Golden is part of the DCCC’s Frontline program and is on the NRCC’s target list this cycle. Poliquin has announced that he will run for the siege again. Golden had $ 784,000 in his campaign account on June 30.

Gonzalez, who was unopposed in the Democratic primary last year, won a third term at his South Texas seat by a surprisingly narrow 3-point margin over Republican Monica De La Cruz-Hernandez, after winning both her previous races by 20 and 21 points. Biden won the district by 2 points, a dramatic drop from Clinton’s 17-point advantage four years earlier. Gonzalez is part of the DCCC’s Frontline program this cycle and is also a target of the NRCC. He had $ 1.5 million in his campaign account on June 30.

]]>
https://eartdocuments.com/the-impasse-of-the-moderates-highlights-the-democratic-divide-but-will-it-affect-2022/feed/ 0
Hampton Reviews Address Marietta BOE | News, Sports, Jobs https://eartdocuments.com/hampton-reviews-address-marietta-boe-news-sports-jobs/ https://eartdocuments.com/hampton-reviews-address-marietta-boe-news-sports-jobs/#respond Tue, 24 Aug 2021 04:01:31 +0000 https://eartdocuments.com/hampton-reviews-address-marietta-boe-news-sports-jobs/ At Monday’s meeting of the Marietta Town Schools Education Council, teachers, students, parents and citizens of Marietta showed their disgust at the renewal of Superintendent Will Hampton’s contract. There were 11 speakers and almost all spoke negatively about the renewal, with many citing delays in recent approvals of teacher contracts and others questioning actions taken […]]]>

At Monday’s meeting of the Marietta Town Schools Education Council, teachers, students, parents and citizens of Marietta showed their disgust at the renewal of Superintendent Will Hampton’s contract.

There were 11 speakers and almost all spoke negatively about the renewal, with many citing delays in recent approvals of teacher contracts and others questioning actions taken on the principal’s contract 10 months before it was supposed to be. be revised.

Ethan Vessels, who will run for the Board of Education this fall, believed the board should table the contract for now and wait until new board members are elected.

“The board should not approve the contract” he said.

The contract was not on the agenda for Monday’s meeting and no action was taken.

In other matters, the Board of Directors accepted the following donations: donation of 20,000 3M N95 masks by Buckeye Hills Regional Council to Marietta Schools; Alan Porter’s $ 1,000 donation to Marietta Soccer; Donation of $ 300 from Marietta Boys Golf to Marietta Boys Golf; Donation of $ 100 from Marietta Girls Golf to Marietta Girls Golf; Donation of $ 41.50 to Marietta Boys Track at Marietta Boys Track; Donation of $ 3,445 from Marietta Cheerleaders to Marietta Cheerleaders; Lowes’ donation of eight pallets of equipment and PPE / hand sanitizer to the Marietta football team; and the First Baptist Church’s donation of $ 400 to the main account for school supplies.

The board approved the resignations of Jake Eckleberry, (MHS) Social Studies, effective August 15, 2021, and Mollie Runyon, (MES) third-year teacher, effective August 15, 2021.

Pending appropriate certification, the board also approved one-year appointments for the 2021-2022 school year for: Lucinda Swartz, (MES) fourth year; Emily Thompson, (MHS) Seventh Grade Language Arts; Ellen Vichill, (MHS) talented and gifted children; Alexandria Skinner, Mathematics / Juvenile Sciences; Ryan Helm, (MHS) eighth grade social studies; Charlotte Huffman, (Phillips) Reading Level II; Emily Klinger, (MES) fourth year; and Shelby Dillon, (MHS) eighth grade science.

The board also approved after-school appointments for two-week extension service for the 2021-2022 school year for: Lindsey Bills; Don Tekavec; and Stacie Shouse. The board also approved extracurricular appointments for; John O’Donnell, seventh / eighth grade tennis; Kirsten Goeller, (MHS) National Honor Society; Ryan Helm, Orian Councilor; Emily Thompson, Power of the Pen; Steve Parlin, Director of Career Day; Susan Miller, Department Chair (MHS); Lisa Polk, Department Chair (MHS); Jason Schob, (MHS) Conditioning; and Darren Stevens, (MHS) Conditioning.

The latest news today and more in your inbox

]]>
https://eartdocuments.com/hampton-reviews-address-marietta-boe-news-sports-jobs/feed/ 0
An ancient Dravidian language linked to the Indus Valley civilization https://eartdocuments.com/an-ancient-dravidian-language-linked-to-the-indus-valley-civilization/ https://eartdocuments.com/an-ancient-dravidian-language-linked-to-the-indus-valley-civilization/#respond Sat, 21 Aug 2021 15:17:09 +0000 https://eartdocuments.com/an-ancient-dravidian-language-linked-to-the-indus-valley-civilization/ What language did the inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) communicate in? Specialists in history and archeology have been asking this question since the discovery of the Bronze Age civilization in the mid-19th century. The writing of the Indus Valley has not yet been deciphered. A new research paper published in the peer-reviewed journal […]]]>

What language did the inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) communicate in? Specialists in history and archeology have been asking this question since the discovery of the Bronze Age civilization in the mid-19th century. The writing of the Indus Valley has not yet been deciphered.

A new research paper published in the peer-reviewed journal of the Springer Nature Group has provided interesting new information about the linguistic culture of Harappans. Taking clues from a few words shared between the peoples of the Indus Valley and the cultures with which they came into contact, the article traces their linguistic roots back to Proto-Dravidian, which is the ancestral language of all. modern Dravidian languages. Subsequently, the article suggested that speakers of ancestral Dravidian languages ​​had a greater historical presence in northern India, including in the Indus Valley region from which they migrated.

What are the conclusions of the article?

The article titled “Ancestral Dravidian Languages ​​in Indus Civilization: An Ultraconserved Dravidian Hashtag Reveals Deep Linguistic Ancestry and Supports Genetics” was written by software developer and independent researcher Bahata Ansumali Mukhopadhyay.

The study took into account the flourishing trade relations between the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) and the Persian Gulf as well as Mesopotamia. As a result, Mukhopadhyay searched Middle Eastern texts to locate foreign words with roots in the Indus Valley. The logic, as the article suggests, is the fact that when a commodity is not produced locally, we call it by its foreign name.

Therefore, the study found that the Akkadian word (a language spoken in ancient Mesopotamia) for elephant – ‘pīru’ / ​​’pīri’ and their variations, as well as the Old Persian word for ivory, ‘pīrus ‘may have had roots in the Indus Valley. . “My study argues that since archaeological data strongly associate Near Eastern ivory objects from the middle third to the early second millennium BC ȧb ‘,’ beḥu ‘,’ netcheḥ-t ‘) used in ancient Egypt (the only other major source of prehistoric ivory), has no phonetic connection to ‘pīru’, these words based on ‘pīru’ could probably have come from IVC, ”Mukhopadhyay wrote in the diary.

Further, the article suggested that in several Dravidian languages, “pīlu”, “pella”, “palla”, “pallava”, “piḷḷuvam”, “pīluru” are used to mean elephant. Mukhopadhyay pointed out the difference between the use of “l” in Indian languages ​​and “r” in Akkadian and Old Persian and suggested that “since the people of ancient Persia had served as intermediaries between Mesopotamia and IVC traders, while exporting IVC ivory, no doubt spread the word Indian elephant (“piru” “pilu”) in Mesopotamia as well.

Tracing further the etymology of the words, the article explained that they are related to the tooth root words in Dravidian languages ​​- “pal”, “pella”, “pallu”, “palu”, which are undoubtedly related to the words it means elephant or elephant tusk, i.e. ‘pīlu’, ‘pillakā’, ‘palla’, ‘pella’. Commenting on how the elephant is another nickname, “dantin” or “tooth-haver” in Sanskrit is rooted in the Indo-Aryan and Indo-Iranian word for tooth, “danta,” the paper suggested that “the relationship between the Proto-Dravidian tooth-word and Dravidian elephant-words based on ‘pal’ / ‘pīl’ must be deeply etymological, and not accidental.

The document provided further evidence relating “pilu” to the words used for dent in Proto-Dravidian. Several Indian words refer to “Salvadora persica” (better known as a toothbrush tree in the Western world and as “Miswak” in Arabic speaking countries because its branches are used as a natural toothbrush. ) as “pilu”. This suggests that just like the word elephant – pilu, the name used for the tree is also rooted in the Proto-Dravidian word for tooth.

Mukhopadhyay further wrote that “the Indian epic of Mahābhārata (Ganguli, 1883-1896) frequently associates the ‘pīlu’ tree with regions of the Indus basin, proving that the phytonym ‘pīlu’ was widespread in the valley of the Indus since antiquity.

Taking into account the multiple lines of evidence, the article concluded that the basic vocabulary elements of a significant population of the Indus Valley civilization must have been Proto-Dravidian, or that the ancestral Dravidian languages ​​must have been to have been spoken in the region of the Indus Valley.

How do the findings of the article develop our understanding of the Indus Valley civilization?

The article corroborated similar arguments made by a few researchers in the past, in particular that of Asko Parpola, an indologist at the University of Helsinki. Parpola in his work published in 2010 mapped the symbols used in Indus Valley writing and connected them to words used in modern Dravidian languages. Based on this, he concluded that the underlying language of the Indus script was Proto-Dravidian.

Mukhopadhyay’s study comes shortly after a recent genetic study published in the peer-reviewed journal ‘Science’ in 2019 that argued for the spread of Proto-Dravidian languages ​​from the northwestern regions of India to the south. from India. The article titled “The Formation of Human Population in South and Central Asia” suggested that after the decline of the Indus Valley civilization, groups from northern and northwestern India speaking a proto-Dravidian language moved south and east. “One possible scenario combining genetic data with archeology and linguistics is that Proto-Dravidian was propagated by the peoples of the IVC with the Indus Periphery Cline component of the ASI (Ancestral South Indian). Non-genetic support for an IVC origin of the Dravidian languages ​​includes the current geographic distribution of these languages ​​(in southern India and southwestern Pakistan) and a suggestion that certain symbols on the ancient seals of the Valley of the ‘Indus denote Dravidian words or names,’ the newspaper said.

“So one could say that based on the cumulative evidence that is now available in terms of linguistics, genetics and archeology, the rational and parsimonious explanation of the spread of Dravidian languages ​​in India is a movement of people from the north- West India to South India, “said Tony Joseph, author of the book” Early Indians “(2018). Joseph says the common understanding is that this movement occurred after the decline of the Harappan civilization in 1900 BC, but in his book, he explained why this movement could have started a little earlier ”.

JOIN NOW 📣: Express telegram chain explained

Mukhopadhyay pointed out that Proto-Dravidian was perhaps one of the many languages ​​spoken in the Indus Valley region. She noted that the languages ​​of the Dravidian group, although they are spoken mainly in southern India “also have scattered representations in northwest India (Brahui), northeast (Kuṛux, Malto) and the center (eg Kolami, Naiki, Parji, Ollari, Gadaba), indicating that Dravidian speakers perhaps had a much larger prehistoric presence in northern India, including IVC regions ”.

Joseph explained that the statement made by the recent article on Dravidian languages ​​spoken in Harappan civilization “is consistent with the latest genetic study which found that some of the Harappan migrants whose ancient DNA had been recovered from the outskirts of the Indus “carried the Haplogroup of the Y chromosome H1a1d2 which today is found mainly in southern India”. The possible implication of this discovery is that there was a population movement from northwest India to southern India ”. Joseph also said that while the new study does not comment on Indo-European languages, it does not conflict with the prevailing academic understanding that the migration of speakers of Indo-European languages ​​to India has taken place. is produced approximately between 2000 BCE and 1500 BCE when the Harappan civilization was in decline. In other words, Arya-Sanskrit-Vedic culture came after Harappan civilization and although it is an important and important constituent of Indian civilization, it is not its oldest source.

Bulletin | Click for the best explanations of the day to your inbox

]]>
https://eartdocuments.com/an-ancient-dravidian-language-linked-to-the-indus-valley-civilization/feed/ 0
Valley News – Lawmakers Allow ‘Education Freedom Account’ Rules To Go Forward Despite Lawyers’ Concerns https://eartdocuments.com/valley-news-lawmakers-allow-education-freedom-account-rules-to-go-forward-despite-lawyers-concerns/ https://eartdocuments.com/valley-news-lawmakers-allow-education-freedom-account-rules-to-go-forward-despite-lawyers-concerns/#respond Sat, 21 Aug 2021 01:36:41 +0000 https://eartdocuments.com/valley-news-lawmakers-allow-education-freedom-account-rules-to-go-forward-despite-lawyers-concerns/ New Hampshire’s “Account for Education Freedom” program is set to roll out statewide this month, after a critical vote Thursday by the state’s Joint Legislative Committee on the Rules administrative (JLCAR). But the vote – which approved a set of interim rules designed to get the program up and running by the start of the […]]]>

New Hampshire’s “Account for Education Freedom” program is set to roll out statewide this month, after a critical vote Thursday by the state’s Joint Legislative Committee on the Rules administrative (JLCAR).

But the vote – which approved a set of interim rules designed to get the program up and running by the start of the school year – came after a series of concerns from lawyers on the committee that the rules needed to be addressed. an important clarification.

In a rule markup presented to lawmakers ahead of Thursday’s meeting, lawyers for the committee said the interim rules did not set out clear guidelines on how education freedom accounts will be monitored, how information will be monitored. confidentiality will be protected and what jurisdiction the State has over the private organization that manages the program.

Lawyers have identified other key questions, including whether new accounts are allowed to be tax exempt and whether criminal background checks are required for tutors and educational service providers approved under the program.

In response to the markup, lawyers for the Department of Education this week made a number of changes intended to address the concerns. But many of the broader issues identified by committee lawyers have yet to be addressed.

“It could be, since this is a brand new program, that there are just practical issues that cannot yet be resolved,” said Kim Reeve, counsel for the committee, who assisted to write the markup.

New Hampshire’s Account for Education Freedom program is designed to allow parents of children who do not attend public school to access state money that would have been sent to their public school local and use it for tuition, tutoring, class materials and other expenses. .

Republicans and school choice advocates hailed it as an opportunity for low-income children and families whose local public school is unsuitable to find other options. Democrats have warned that this will drain resources from public schools and state revenue, and redirect public funds to religious schools.

The main statutory lines of the new program were promulgated as part of the state budget in June. But lawmakers and members of the State Board of Education are required to pass a set of administrative rules that clarify how the program works so it can move forward.

On Thursday, the 10-member Business Rules Committee voted, 6-4, to advance a set of fast-track interim rules with the understanding that the Education Department would aim to get approval of the standing rules within six months. . The vote fell on party lines as Democrats opposed.

But the provisional rules approved Thursday contained a number of provisions which the committee’s lawyers said raise concerns.

Under the EFA program, the state will contract with a private scholarship organization to administer families’ savings accounts and designate education providers and services to which parents can direct the money.

Yet the rules do not outline clear control mechanisms over this organization, the lawyers said.

For example, the rules require the organization to issue a blanket agreement to parents to let them know how the program works and what the expectations are. But nothing obliges the education ministry to sign the agreement, the committee’s lawyers noted.

There is also confusing language around criminal background checks, the lawyers wrote. Although the rules require the scholarship organization to publicly publish the employee background check process for the training providers it approves, there is no legal authority to allow the private organization to specifically perform criminal background checks and no direct requirement that they perform them. outside.

It is also not fully explained how the money is spent, the lawyers said. The rules require that the Internet and technology purchased with state funds be “primarily” used to aid student education, the lawyers noted. But the rules do not specify the meaning of “mainly”. And there is no clear approval process for the types of “computing devices” covered by the law.

Rules are also written to consider a single scholarship organization, even though the law allows multiple scholarship organizations. “The board does not have the clear authority to have more than one scholarship organization,” the committee lawyers wrote.

The provisional education freedom account rules – which have not been the subject of public hearings – are supposed to last only six months and were intended to put the program in place for the 2021-2022 school year. The Department of Education must now develop permanent rules using the traditional process, which means there must be a period of public comment and hearings.

But even though the formal rule-making process fixes some of the flaws in the original draft of the rules, lawyers for JLCAR said there are a number of issues that may require new legislation to be addressed.

On the one hand, the underlying law creating the program presented savings accounts as non-taxable income for families. “It may conflict with federal tax law,” the lawyers noted.

The law is silent on what protections must be in place to protect health care information obtained by scholarship organizations, including for students with disabilities.

And it doesn’t make it clear what protections are available for students with disabilities when their families remove them from the public school system and use an FTE.

Then there is the question of whether the private stock market has been given too much power.

“The law grants the scholarship organization the authority that is usually given to the executive agency and may represent an impermissible delegation of power,” JLCAR lawyers wrote.

Lawyers for the Department of Education dismissed many of these concerns in their testimony to the committee, noting that they had deleted many of the ambiguous sentences that had been pointed out by committee lawyers earlier in the week.

On the one hand, there is no need to do criminal background checks for all education service providers who might benefit from savings accounts, lawyers for the department argued.

“I think, for context, it’s important to point out that the concept of an educational service provider is very broad,” said Chris Bond, legal counsel for the Department of Education. “… So many education service providers will not have direct interaction with children. “

Bond added that the state’s Department of Education did not have authority over the rights parents of students with disabilities would have if they left the public school system, noting that the Disability Education Act falls under the jurisdiction of the US Department of Education. But he said the State Department would work to get better answers in the future.

And he noted that the state already has a formal agreement with the Children’s Scholarship Fund – the nonprofit chosen to run the program in its first year – that addresses some of the areas not covered in the rules or the law. This contract was approved by the Executive Council earlier this month.

“We already have a contract with a scholarship organization that will guide us through the provisional settlement period,” Bond added. “So, for example, confidentiality protections are addressed in this contract, which is why we felt comfortable not having them in the interim rule.”

A lawyer who testified before the committee objected to the adoption of the interim rules. Gerald Zelin, an attorney representing the New Hampshire Association of Special Education Administrators, said the rules should not be enforced until there are better clarifications on the rights of parents of students with disabilities who participate in the E FA.

“Once a government benefit is granted, we all know it’s hard to take it away,” Zelin said. “People trust it with good reason. And so we have to put these interim rules in place the first time, even if they are only interim rules.

Democrats on the committee agreed, arguing that more time should be taken to address any concerns of committee lawyers.

Representative William Hatch, a Democrat from Gorham and former chairman of the rules committee, noted that the number of concerns raised by committee staff was unusual.

“While it’s not uncommon to have concerns about making conditional rules to deal with in regular rule making, I have never seen so many issues dealt with in this way,” he said. he declares.

Others said the rules did not provide enough transparency.

“This is public money – we are giving public money with virtually no control over a private entity that will not be subject to our right to know law,” said Senator Becky Whitley, Democrat of Concord. “Even whatever your political stance on this program, we cannot violate public trust and allow a deeply flawed program to be hastily implemented without adequate protections, without careful scrutiny by this committee.”

But Republicans countered that Democrats were overstepping the authority of the committee, which is supposed to verify the rules, not the statutes behind them.

“The objections I have heard so far relate exclusively to politics,” said Rep. Terry Roy, a Republican from Deerfield. “The Legislature has spoken; the governor spoke; people were talking. These rule issues can be settled permanently.

Senator John Reagan, another Republican from Deerfield and chairman of the committee, expressed a similar point of view.

The provisional rules are not yet fully approved; they will go to the State Board of Education for final approval at its Friday meeting.

But even Reagan acknowledged that the process to complete them this week had been a dash.

“It was a complicated rule in a very short period of time,” he said. “It was a back and forth between the JLCAR staff and the Ministry of Education, and it was difficult.”

]]>
https://eartdocuments.com/valley-news-lawmakers-allow-education-freedom-account-rules-to-go-forward-despite-lawyers-concerns/feed/ 0
Withholding tax on reimbursements and remunerations from non-residents – Tax https://eartdocuments.com/withholding-tax-on-reimbursements-and-remunerations-from-non-residents-tax/ https://eartdocuments.com/withholding-tax-on-reimbursements-and-remunerations-from-non-residents-tax/#respond Thu, 12 Aug 2021 08:23:58 +0000 https://eartdocuments.com/withholding-tax-on-reimbursements-and-remunerations-from-non-residents-tax/ Canada: Withholding tax on reimbursements and remunerations from non-residents August 12, 2021 Rotfleisch & Samulovitch PC To print this article, simply register or connect to Mondaq.com. Introduction – Provisions relating to withholding tax for non-residents The Income Tax Act establishes whether income is taxable. In addition, the Tax Act contains numerous provisions intended to facilitate […]]]>

Canada: Withholding tax on reimbursements and remunerations from non-residents

To print this article, simply register or connect to Mondaq.com.

Introduction – Provisions relating to withholding tax for non-residents

The Income Tax Act establishes whether income is taxable. In addition, the Tax Act contains numerous provisions intended to facilitate the administration and enforcement of tax obligations. Paragraph 153 (1) (g) of the Tax Act is one such provision and reads as follows:

  • article 153 (1) Anyone who pays at any time during a tax year …(g) fees, commissions or other amounts for services … deduct or withhold from payment the amount determined in accordance with the prescribed rules.

As an administrative provision, paragraph 153 (1) (g) requires a payor to withhold tax to ensure that funds will be available to meet a recipient’s possible future tax liability. Whether a beneficiary ends up with a positive tax debt is determined by completing a tax return. You can compare this to an employer who levies income tax on the salary paid to an employee. Although the amounts are withheld in advance, when filing a tax return, the employee may in fact discover that they are entitled to a tax refund.

In the case of non-residents, paragraph 153 (1) (g) is supplemented by Regulation 105 of the Income Tax Act which states:

  • 105 (1) Anyone who pays a non-resident person a fee, commission or other amount in respect of services rendered in Canada, of any kind, must deduct or withhold 15% of that payment.

Weyerhaeuser case clarifies Regulation 105 of the Tax Act

In Weyerhaeuser Company Limited v The Queen, the taxpayer company appealed to the CRA Tax Court of Canada regarding withholding tax on its payments to non-resident contractors. Weyerhaeuser Company Limited (“Weyerhaeuser Co.”) was a Canadian forestry company which engaged non-residents for services rendered to it in Canada. In the tax year, Weyerhaeuser Co. made payments to these non-residents totaling $ 14.3 million, but withheld only 15% tax on the portion of the payments that , according to her, fell under regulation 105 of the tax law. For example, Weyerhaeuser Co. did not withhold tax from reimbursements of non-resident disbursements such as travel, telephone, and postage. The CRA’s position was that these amounts were “in respect of” services rendered in Canada, as described in Regulation 105 of the Tax Act. Therefore, since Weyerhaeuser Co. these amounts.

The Tax Court disagreed with the CRA and allowed Weyerhaeuser Co.’s appeal. The Tax Court noted that the language used to describe when withholding is different between paragraph 153 (1) (g)
[“for services”] and regulation 105 [“in respect of
services”]. The CRA argued that “with respect to services” in Regulation 105 should be as broad as possible. However, as argued by the Canadian tax litigation lawyer acting for Weyerhaeuser Co., this was contextually incorrect. The Tax Court noted that Regulation 105 of the Tax Act could not “go beyond the enabling authority contained in the Act itself”. On this basis, the CRA’s interpretation of Regulation 105 of the Tax Act conflicted with the purpose of paragraph 153 (1) (g) because it would extend withholding obligations beyond what the Income Tax Act requires. The purpose of paragraph 153 (1) (g) was to collect a tax reserve which could be applied to future tax payable. Therefore, withholding was only triggered for payments which have the character of income in the hands of a non-resident beneficiary. Here income meant income. When Weyerhaeuser Co. reimbursed non-residents for personal expenses such as travel expenses, it paid the amounts the non-resident had incurred “out of [Weyerhaeuser Co.]on behalf of “, failing to pay a portion of the service charge. This characterization of certain payment amounts as disbursements was corroborated by invoices issued to Weyerhaeuser Co. by non-residents. The Tax Court found that it would be against the interests of the Canadian economy to reimburse non-residents only 85% of their disbursements. As a result, Weyerhaeuser Co. was exempt from taxes, interest and penalties because it was correct not to hold back.

CRA Perspective – Prepayments to a Non-Resident Contractor under Regulation 105 of the Tax Act

In 2019, the CRA recently responded to a question from a taxpayer regarding the application of Regulation 105 of the Tax Act to a specific scenario involving a non-resident contractor and various non-resident sub-contractors. The taxpayer, a Canadian company, entered into a contract with a non-resident contractor who would supply and install boilers in Canada (“original contract”). The contractor did an about-face and subcontracted the work to various subcontractors. Then, before the work was completed, the contractor experienced financial difficulties which led the subcontractors to wonder if they would be paid. To facilitate completion of the Work, the Canadian Company entered into a second set of contracts with the Contractor (the “Payment Agreements”). Under these agreements, the Canadian company paid the contractor in advance the sums that the contractor had promised to pay to its subcontractors. As the sub-contractors completed the work, they were paid from a dedicated account upon authorization of withdrawals by the Canadian company and the contractor.

The position of the Canadian company in its investigation with the CRA was that payments to the non-resident contractor under the payment agreements did not fall within the scope of Regulation 105 of the Act. tax, so that no withholding tax applied. They argued that advance payments were akin to disbursements in the Weyerhaeuser Company Limited case and did not have the character of income. The CRA responded by stating its position that Regulation 105 was applicable. According to the CRA, the advance payments made to the contractor under the payment agreements simply reduced the amount owed by the Canadian company under the original contract, all of which was income in the hands of the contractor. It did not matter that amounts paid under payment agreements were ultimately payable to subcontractors.

Is the CRA Right? We can start by looking at past CRA positions even though they are not part of the law. In a 2008 investigation into similar circumstances, the CRA stated that “withholdings would generally not be required in respect of amounts paid by [Canadians] To
[non-residents] as reimbursement of [the non-resident’s]expenses, including subcontractor fees and travel expenses. “

The point made by the CRA is that there must be a clear distinction between reimbursements and remuneration. The CRA is right to focus on this distinction in light of the Weyerhaeuser Company Limited. A comparison of the 2008 and 2019 CRA surveys reveals some points of interest. First, the reimbursement-remuneration distinction must be documented in writing – in the 2008 document, the non-resident’s invoice to the Canadian details the subcontractor’s fees as a reimbursable expense separate from their own remuneration. Second, and arguably more importantly, there is a timing issue – in the 2008 document the subcontractor had already been paid by the contractor and only then did the contractor billed the Canadian. In the case of 2019, it is difficult to say that the amounts in the payment agreement were refunds. This is because they were of the nature of prepayments towards the original contract. In the hands of the beneficiary contractor, the amounts were initially income and did not become an expense of the subcontractor until a later time, when the subcontractors completed the work. This is the reverse of the 2008 situation. Since the amounts in the payment agreement at the time of payment were income and Regulation 105 of the Tax Act attaches to income, the tax should have been withheld. The entrepreneur should file a tax return to claim the expenses and clarify their true tax liability.

Pro Tax Advice – Have a Tax Lawyer Review Your International Contracts for Non-Resident Withholding Exposure

Tax law is often described as having an ancillary character. The nature of the transactions from a corporate or contract law perspective, and even their sequence, can affect how the Income Tax Act is applied. If you are a non-resident who will receive payments from Canada, or a Canadian taxpayer who will make these payments, you should consult with one of our top Canadian tax professionals who can review your proposed transactions and advise you on how you can minimize your exposure to withholding tax under Regulation 105 of the Tax Act.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide on the subject. Specialist advice should be sought regarding your particular situation.

POPULAR POSTS ON: Canada Tax

CRA introduces new trust reporting rules

MLT Aikins srl

The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) has implemented several new trust reporting rules that will apply for tax year purposes beginning December 31, 2021.

The TaxLetter: Carefully, now

Minden Gross srl

The first discretionary trust that I ever wrote for a client was about 21 years ago, which means that I have now come full circle with the trust, having seen its “birth” and recent “death”.

]]>
https://eartdocuments.com/withholding-tax-on-reimbursements-and-remunerations-from-non-residents-tax/feed/ 0
Colorado Refugee Group Says Child Tax Credit Audits Confusing https://eartdocuments.com/colorado-refugee-group-says-child-tax-credit-audits-confusing/ https://eartdocuments.com/colorado-refugee-group-says-child-tax-credit-audits-confusing/#respond Mon, 09 Aug 2021 12:00:28 +0000 https://eartdocuments.com/colorado-refugee-group-says-child-tax-credit-audits-confusing/ Colorado refugees struggled to secure federal child tax credit payments this summer, while others were baffled by the checks they received, according to a local resettlement organization. Sarah Hanselin, case supervisor at the International Rescue Committee in Denver, said payments can be confusing for recipients who don’t speak English or Spanish – the languages ​​government […]]]>

Colorado refugees struggled to secure federal child tax credit payments this summer, while others were baffled by the checks they received, according to a local resettlement organization.

Sarah Hanselin, case supervisor at the International Rescue Committee in Denver, said payments can be confusing for recipients who don’t speak English or Spanish – the languages ​​government notices tend to use. Her clients, who are much more likely to speak Swahili, Somali or Arabic, have asked if the money needs to be refunded and if it will arrive more than once.

“There is just a ton of confusion within these communities as to whether they are eligible or not and sometimes it takes a long time for this money to be received by our clients,” she said.

Government agencies at the state and federal levels say they are aware of language barriers to child tax credits and other government aids, such as stimulus payments.

On July 15, the Internal Revenue Service sent and filed payments to most low-income and middle-class parents in the United States. They will arrive monthly until December.

For parents who filed income tax returns in 2019 or 2020, they automatically arrive in a bank account or mailbox. But those who haven’t filed a case – because they weren’t in the country yet, for example, or made very little money – should navigate to the IRS website and s ‘register or miss it.

“A permanent problem”

It is not known how widespread language barriers are within Colorado refugee communities. Several resettlement groups said they had not heard of child tax credit issues among their clients. Neither the office of US Representative Jason Crow, who represents Aurora’s refugee communities, nor the Aurora International Affairs and Immigrants Office, a city government agency.

“I’m not sure if more accessible information has been provided to refugee families in Colorado or what,” said Ron Buzard, director of the African Community Center in Denver, “but the families we work with know why they are. receive payments and look forward to them.

This is not always the case beyond the borders of Colorado. In southwest Kansas, where Somali and Congolese refugees work in meat packing plants, some residents thought the payments were a scam or worried about how they would reimburse them, the Kansas News Service reported.

In central Iowa, the US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants finds confusion among Congolese and Burmese refugees over why parents of 17-year-olds are eligible but not people with older teens, according to Kerri True-Funk, who runs the office of Des moines.

“We’ve seen a lot of questions around all of the different stimulus and pandemic payments that have come out. It’s something we’ve consistently tried to stay one step ahead of, ”True-Funk said, calling it a“ lifelong problem ”.

Government officials have acknowledged that the IRS portal for registering people who do not file taxes is flawed. “The status quo does not work for those who are not registered. We have to do better, ”Gene Sperling, coordinator of the US White House bailout, tweeted on July 28.

Colorado has the third-lowest rate of U.S. residents who take out the earned income tax credit, which is similar to the child tax credit but also benefits non-parents, according to the department. of Colorado Revenue. Data is not yet available on the child tax credit.

“People don’t have access to benefits for many reasons,” said Meghan Tanis, spokesperson for the Colorado Department of Revenue, “including the complexity of the application process, lack of awareness of eligibility and the inherent cultural barriers for those who do not speak English Many families are now eligible for a child tax credit refund, but are unaware of this change.

Another obstacle, according to Hanselin, is a shortage of bank accounts among his customers. A refugee who did not have a bank account but was eligible for stimulus payments throughout 2020 and desperately needed them received the checks in one lump sum this year, Hanselin said. Social workers had to open a bank account so that the person could cash it.

Translations and fees

The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment answers questions from refugees and immigrants who don’t trust the IRS and links them to tax filing services. The Colorado Department of Revenue enabled Google Translate on its website, making it available in 108 languages. (The IRS website is available in 21.)

“We are really focused on meeting people where they are and removing barriers to access for all Coloradans,” said Mark Ferrandino, executive director of the state revenue department.

]]>
https://eartdocuments.com/colorado-refugee-group-says-child-tax-credit-audits-confusing/feed/ 0